Map of disadvantaged communities

A regional map that shows disadvantaged communities, as defined for Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities, highlighted in red, including the city of Highland.

The Inland Valley Development Agency (IVDA) on Wednesday, Jan. 8, heard from Jim Simmon, the IVDA’s fiscal consultant, to give an overview and presentation on the potential benefits and requirements of Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities (CRIAs)

The following describes the legislation: The community revitalization and investment authorities was enacted into law in 2015 by Assembly Bill 2, which authorized the revitalization of disadvantaged communities through planning and financing infrastructure improvements and upgrades; economic development activities; and affordable housing via tax increment financing.

A Community Revitalization and Investment Authority can be created in the following three locations:

1. Areas where not less than 80 percent of the land contains any combination of census tracts or census block groups meet both of these conditions: (i) an annual median household income that is less than 80 percent of the statewide, citywide or countywide annual median income; and (ii) three of four following conditions:

• An unemployment rate at least 3 percentage points higher than the statewide average annual unemployment rate median, as defined by the labor market report published by the California Employment Development Department in March of the year in which the community revitalization plan is prepared. (In determining the unemployment rate within the community revitalization and investment area, an authority may use unemployment data from the periodic American Community Survey published by the U.S. Census Bureau.)

• Crime rates, as documented by records maintained by the law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction in the proposed plan area for violent or property crime offenses, at least 5 percent higher than statewide average crime rate for violent or property crime offenses, as defined by the Criminal Justice Statistics Center within the Department of Justice, when data is available on the Attorney General’s Internet website. (The crime rate shall be calculated by taking the local crime incidents for violent or property crimes, or any offense within those categories, for the most recent calendar year for which the Department of Justice maintains data, divided by the total population of the proposed plan area, multiplied by 100,000. If the local crime rate for the proposed plan area exceeds the statewide average rate for either violent or property crime, or any offense within these categories, by more than 5 percent, then this condition shall be met.)

• Deteriorated or inadequate infrastructure, and

• Deteriorated commercial or residential structures.

2. A former military base that is principally characterized by deteriorated or inadequate infrastructure or structures

3. Census tracts or census block groups, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, within the area, are situated within a disadvantaged community as identified by the California Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).].

Simmon provided a map to board members, which showed a regional map with disadvantaged communities in red, which included the city of Highland.

Simmons did say however that schools could not participate in CRIA as a disadvantaged community, as they already receive funding from the federal and state government.

One board member asked how the airport would qualify to be part of a CRIA, Burrows responded that it would take a change to the “budget amendment language” in Sacramento for the airport to qualify which Burrows says that they (the airport) are in discussions with the state of California on how to do that.

Simmons says the following steps would take place if the state approved the change of the budget language process for formation:

• Possible modifications for JPA’s

• Designate Revitalization Area: Negotiate/establish member contributions

• Create and adopt Revitalization Plan

• Adoption after three public hearings to: Receive comments on plan, receive comments and modify or reject plan, hold a protest hearing and adoption of plan

County Supervisor and Co-chair Josie Gonzales then asked Burrows and Simmons if they could do more research and follow up on some questions on CRIA and come back at a later date to update the board.

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